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Statutes Text

Article - Commercial Law




§15–101.

    (a)    (1)    For purposes of this section the following words, as used in federal bankruptcy laws, have the meanings indicated.

        (2)    “The case” means the assignment for the benefit of creditors proceeding or the receivership proceeding, whichever is applicable;

        (3)    “Commencement of the case” means commencement of the assignment for the benefit of creditors proceeding or receivership proceeding;

        (4)    “The court” means the court in which the assignment for the benefit of creditors proceeding or receivership proceeding is filed;

        (5)    “Date of the filing of the petition” means the date of the commencement of the assignment for the benefit of creditors proceeding or receivership proceeding;

        (6)    “Debtor” means the insolvent as that term is defined in subsection (b) of this section;

        (7)    (i)    “The estate” means the estate that is created when an assignee for the benefit of creditors or a receiver of the assets of an insolvent is appointed;

            (ii)    “The estate” includes all property, assets, interests, and rights with respect to which the assignee or receiver is acting as a fiduciary;

        (8)    “Order for relief” means the order appointing the assignee for the benefit of creditors or the receiver of the assets of an insolvent;

        (9)    “Petition” means the pleading filed to commence the assignment for the benefit of creditors proceeding or receivership proceeding;

        (10)    “Trustee” means the assignee for the benefit of creditors or receiver of the assets of an insolvent; and

        (11)    Other words, including “insolvent” and “insider”, when used in federal bankruptcy law shall have the meanings set forth in the definition section of the federal bankruptcy law or as interpreted by the federal courts applying federal bankruptcy law.

    (b)    (1)    In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.

        (2)    “Insolvent” means the assignor in an assignment for the benefit of creditors proceeding or the insolvent with respect to whose affairs a receiver has been appointed.

        (3)    “Judicial lien” means a lien obtained by judgment, levy, sequestration, or other legal or equitable process or proceeding.

    (c)    Any assignee for the benefit of creditors or receiver of the assets of an insolvent shall be vested with full title to all the property and assets of the insolvent and with full power to enforce obligations or liabilities in favor of the insolvent.

    (d)    All preferences, payments, transfers, and obligations made or suffered by the insolvent which are fraudulent, void, or voidable under any act of the Congress of the United States relating to bankruptcy are fraudulent, void, or voidable, respectively, under this subtitle to the same extent that they would be fraudulent, void, or voidable under applicable federal bankruptcy law.

    (e)    Any assignee for the benefit of creditors or receiver of the assets of an insolvent may set aside any:

        (1)    Fraudulent conveyance as defined in Subtitle 2 of this title; and

        (2)    Preference, payment, transfer, or obligation that is fraudulent, void, or voidable under subsection (d) of this section.

    (f)    Any assignee for the benefit of creditors or receiver of the assets of an insolvent has, as of the date of the commencement of the proceeding, the rights:

        (1)    Of a creditor that extends credit to the insolvent at the time of the commencement of the proceeding and that obtains, at such time and with respect to such credit, a judicial lien on all property on which a creditor on a simple contract could have obtained such a judicial lien, whether or not such a creditor exists;

        (2)    Of a creditor that extends credit to the insolvent at the time of the commencement of the proceeding and obtains, at such time and with respect to such credit, an execution against the insolvent that is returned unsatisfied at such time, whether or not such a creditor exists;

        (3)    Of a bona fide purchaser of real property, other than fixtures, from the insolvent, against whom applicable law permits such transfer to be perfected, that obtains the status of a bona fide purchaser and has perfected such transfer at the time of the commencement of the proceeding, whether or not such a purchaser exists; and

        (4)    To avoid any preference, payment, transfer, or obligation that is fraudulent, void, or voidable under subsection (d) of this section.