Delegate Elizabeth Bobo

2013 Regular Session

District 12B, Howard County

Total Bills: 86 (Primary Sponsor: 4, Co-sponsor: 73, By Request: 9)

View Prior Year Legislation

Number / Chapter
(Cross File / Chapter)
TitleStatusOriginal House
and Hearing Dates
Opposite House
and Hearing Dates
Sponsorship
Type
 
Broad Subject
HB0259Campaign Finance - Affiliated Business Entities - Attribution of ContributionsIn the House - Hearing 2/21 at 1:00 p.m.Ways and Means
2/21/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
PrimaryElections (G1)
HB0484Maryland Open Meetings Act - Enforcement AuthorityIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Health and Government Operations; WithdrawnHealth and Government Operations
2/13/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
PrimaryState Government - Agencies, Offices, and Officials (P1)
HB0485Open Meetings Act - Application of PenaltiesIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Health and Government OperationsHealth and Government Operations
2/13/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
PrimaryState Government - Regulations and Procedures (P3)
HB0949
    (SB0936)
SmartStat Technical Assistance and Support CenterIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Environmental Matters; WithdrawnEnvironmental MattersPrimaryLocal Government - Generally (L6)
HB0179 / CH0256
    (SB0401 / CH0255)
Pharmacists - Administration of Vaccinations - Expanded Authority and Reporting RequirementsApproved by the Governor - Chapter 256Health and Government Operations
1/31/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsCo-SponsorHealth Occupations (J2)
HB0312 / CH0457
    (SB0334 / CH0456)
Mammograms - Dense Breast Tissue - NotificationApproved by the Governor - Chapter 457Health and Government Operations
2/6/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
3/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorHealth Care Facilities and Regulation (J3)
HB0334 / CH0295
    (SB0589 / CH0294)
Commercial Law - Consumer Protection - Rental-Purchase TransactionsApproved by the Governor - Chapter 295Economic Matters
2/6/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
3/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorCommercial Law - Consumer Protection (I3)
HB0337
    (SB0514)
Natural Gas - Hydraulic Fracturing - ProhibitionIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Environmental Matters; WithdrawnEnvironmental MattersCo-SponsorEnvironment (M3)
HB0339Vehicle Laws - Bicycles - Required Use of Protective HeadgearIn the House - Hearing 2/12 at 1:00 p.m.Environmental Matters
2/12/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorVehicle Laws - Rules of the Road (R5)
HB0341
    (SB0513)
Environment - Hydraulic Fracturing Wastewater - Prohibited ActsIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Environmental MattersEnvironmental Matters
3/8/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorEnvironment (M3)
HB0385 / CH0435
    (SB0027 / CH0434)
Chesapeake Conservation Corps Program - Funding ExtensionApproved by the Governor - Chapter 435Environmental Matters
2/13/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsCo-SponsorNatural Resources - Generally (M1)
HB0408 / CH0258
    (SB0404 / CH0257)
Income Tax - Subtraction Modification - Enhanced Agricultural Management EquipmentApproved by the Governor - Chapter 258Ways and Means
2/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Budget and Taxation
4/2/2013 - 1:30 p.m.
Co-SponsorTaxes - Income (Q3)
HB0409 / CH0521
    (SB0443)
Land Use - Comprehensive Planning and Zoning CycleApproved by the Governor - Chapter 521Environmental Matters
3/8/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsCo-SponsorLocal Government - Generally (L6)
HB0486Criminal Law - Gaming - Home GamesIn the House - Hearing 3/05 at 1:00 p.m.Ways and Means
3/5/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorGaming (C7)
HB0569Environment - Wastewater Treatment Facilities - Financial Assistance StudyIn the Senate - Unfavorable Report by Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsEnvironmental Matters
2/20/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental Affairs
3/19/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorEnvironment (M3)
HB0570State Government - Inspector GeneralIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Health and Government OperationsHealth and Government Operations
2/21/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorState Government - Agencies, Offices, and Officials (P1)
HB0574Office of the Inspector General - EstablishmentIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Health and Government OperationsHealth and Government Operations
2/21/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorState Government - Agencies, Offices, and Officials (P1)
HB0576
    (SB0794)
Real Property - Regulation of Common Ownership Community ManagersIn the Senate - First Reading Judicial ProceedingsEnvironmental Matters
2/14/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Judicial ProceedingsCo-SponsorBusiness Regulation and Occupations (C2)
HB0578
    (SB0023)
Income Tax - Credit for Long-Term Care PremiumsIn the House - Hearing 3/15 at 1:00 p.m.Ways and Means
3/15/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorTaxes - Income (Q3)
HB0581 / CH0379Hospitals - Establishment of Palliative Care Pilot ProgramsApproved by the Governor - Chapter 379Health and Government Operations
2/19/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
4/2/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPublic Health (J1)
HB0603
    (SB0487)
Home Act of 2013In the House - Hearing 2/21 at 1:00 p.m.Environmental Matters
2/21/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorHuman Relations (D5)
HB0626
    (SB0196 / CH0029)
Register of Wills - SalaryVetoed by the Governor (Duplicative)Judiciary
2/27/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Judicial ProceedingsCo-SponsorCourts and Court Personnel - Statewide (D1)
HB0667 / CH0262
    (SB0422 / CH0261)
Public School Employees - Collective Bargaining - Representation FeesApproved by the Governor - Chapter 262Ways and Means
2/20/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
3/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPrimary and Secondary Education (F1)
HB0683
    (SB0700)
Tobacco Taxes - Healthy Maryland InitiativeIn the House - Hearing 2/28 at 1:00 p.m. (Ways and Means)Ways and Means
2/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Health and Government Operations
Co-SponsorTaxes - Miscellaneous (Q7)
HB0708 / CH0285
    (SB0547 / CH0284)
Natural Resources - Nuisance Organisms - PenaltiesApproved by the Governor - Chapter 285Environmental Matters
2/27/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsCo-SponsorNatural Resources - Generally (M1)
HB0713 / CH0636Criminal Procedure - Seizure and Forfeiture - Property Used in Human TraffickingApproved by the Governor - Chapter 636Judiciary
2/19/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Judicial Proceedings
4/2/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorCriminal Law - Procedure (E2)
HB0715
    (SB0620)
Family Law - Denial of Paternity, Custody, and VisitationIn the House - Hearing 2/28 at 1:00 p.m.Judiciary
2/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorFamily Law (D4)
HB0735
    (SB0698)
Labor and Employment - Maryland Earned Sick and Safe Leave ActIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Economic Matters; WithdrawnEconomic Matters
2/27/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPrivate Sector Labor and Industry (K3)
HB0753 / CH0637
    (SB0339 / CH0638)
Motor Vehicles - Use of Wireless Communication Device - Prohibited Acts, Enforcement, and PenaltiesApproved by the Governor - Chapter 637Environmental Matters
2/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Judicial ProceedingsCo-SponsorVehicle Laws - Rules of the Road (R5)
HB0768Food Service Facilities - Industrially Produced Trans Fat - ProhibitionIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Health and Government Operations; WithdrawnHealth and Government Operations
2/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPublic Health (J1)
HB0769 / CH0537
    (SB0750 / CH0536)
Public Safety - Maryland Building Performance Standards - Local Wind Design and Wind-Borne Debris StandardsApproved by the Governor - Chapter 537Environmental Matters
2/21/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsCo-SponsorPublic Safety (E4)
HB0775 / CH0524
    (SB0675 / CH0523)
Maryland Pesticide Reporting and Information WorkgroupApproved by the Governor - Chapter 524Environmental Matters
2/27/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsCo-SponsorAgriculture (M4)
HB0789
    (SB0715 / CH0309)
Maryland Highway Safety Act of 2013In the Senate - Rereferred to Judicial ProceedingsJudiciary
3/13/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Judicial ProceedingsCo-SponsorVehicle Laws - Licensing and Registration (R4)
HB0813 / CH0392Task Force to Study the Impact of Expanding Credit and Noncredit Courses for Students with Intellectual and Developmental DisabilitiesApproved by the Governor - Chapter 392Ways and Means
2/20/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental Affairs
3/27/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorHigher Education (F2)
HB0829Correctional Services - Pregnant Detainees and Inmates - Restraint RestrictionsIn the House - Conference Committee AppointedJudiciary
2/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Judicial Proceedings
4/2/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPublic Safety (E4)
HB0843State Board of Education - Financial Literacy Curriculum - Graduation RequirementIn the House - Hearing 3/13 at 1:00 p.m.Ways and Means
3/13/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPrimary and Secondary Education (F1)
HB0871Education - Dually Enrolled Students - In-State and In-County TuitionIn the House - Hearing 3/19 at 1:00 p.m.Ways and Means
3/19/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorHigher Education (F2)
HB0927
    (SB0692)
Licensed Tree Expert - License Renewal - Continuing Education RequirementIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Environmental Matters; WithdrawnEnvironmental Matters
3/1/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorNatural Resources - Generally (M1)
HB0933 / CH0653Crimes - Human Trafficking of Minor - Defense of Ignorance of Victim's AgeApproved by the Governor - Chapter 653Judiciary
2/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Judicial Proceedings
3/27/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorCriminal Law - Procedure (E2)
HB0938Transit Service - Audio Recordings - Requirements and LimitationsIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Environmental Matters; WithdrawnEnvironmental Matters
3/1/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorTransportation - Generally (R2)
HB0943Criminal Law - Child Kidnapping and Prostitution - PenaltyIn the House - Unfavorable Report by JudiciaryJudiciary
2/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorCriminal Law - Substantive Crimes (E1)
HB0982
    (SB0095)
Creation of a State Debt - Baltimore City - Chesapeake Shakespeare Company's Downtown TheatreIn the House - Unfavorable Report by AppropriationsAppropriations
3/9/2013 - 2:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorState Debt (Bond Bills) (B2)
HB1001
    (SB0585)
Health Insurance - Federal and State Mental Health and Addiction Parity Laws - Report on ComplianceIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Health and Government Operations; WithdrawnHealth and Government Operations
2/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorInsurance - Health (C3)
HB1029
    (SB0783)
State Board of Physicians - Naturopathic DoctorsIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Health and Government Operations; WithdrawnHealth and Government Operations
3/5/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorHealth Occupations (J2)
HB1044
    (SB0584)
Public Funding and Small Donor Act for General Assembly ElectionsIn the House - Hearing 3/14 at 1:00 p.m.Ways and Means
3/14/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorElections (G1)
HB1048Real Property - Sale of Property - Lead-Contaminated Dust Test RequiredIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Environmental MattersEnvironmental Matters
2/22/2013 - 2:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorReal Property (N1)
HB1077Public Safety - Regulated Firearms - Reporting Lost or StolenIn the House - Unfavorable Report by JudiciaryJudiciary
3/5/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPublic Safety (E4)
HB1085
    (SB0641)
Statewide Container Recycling Incentive ProgramIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Environmental MattersEnvironmental Matters
3/8/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Economic Matters
Co-SponsorEnvironment (M3)
HB1086
    (SB0576)
Community Cleanup and Greening Act of 2013In the House - Hearing 3/08 at 1:00 p.m. (Environmental Matters)Environmental Matters
3/8/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Economic Matters
Co-SponsorBusiness Regulation and Occupations (C2)
HB1100Maryland Compassionate Care ActIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Health and Government Operations; WithdrawnHealth and Government Operations
3/8/2013 - 2:00 p.m.
Judiciary
3/8/2013 - 2:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPublic Health (J1)
HB1101 / CH0403Medical Marijuana - Academic Medical Centers - Natalie M. LaPrade Medical Marijuana CommissionApproved by the Governor - Chapter 403Health and Government Operations
3/8/2013 - 2:00 p.m.
Judiciary
3/8/2013 - 2:00 p.m.
Judicial Proceedings
3/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
Co-SponsorPublic Health (J1)
HB1110Consumer Protection - Sales of Tires - Limitations and Required NoticeIn the House - Referred to interim study by Economic MattersEconomic Matters
3/13/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorCommercial Law - Consumer Protection (I3)
HB1119 / CH0317
    (SB0752 / CH0316)
Department of Budget and Management - Foster Youth Summer Internship Pilot ProgramApproved by the Governor - Chapter 317Appropriations
3/7/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
3/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorSocial Services - Generally (O1)
HB1121 / CH0272
    (SB0459 / CH0271)
Health Occupations - Dental Hygienists - Provision of Services at a Community-Based Health FairApproved by the Governor - Chapter 272Health and Government Operations
3/7/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsCo-SponsorHealth Occupations (J2)
HB1128
    (SB0699)
Electricity - Community Energy-Generating Facilities - Pilot ProgramIn the House - Hearing 3/07 at 1:00 p.m.Economic Matters
3/7/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorUtility Regulation (C5)
HB1129Public Service Commission - Participant CompensationIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Economic MattersEconomic Matters
3/7/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorUtility Regulation (C5)
HB1159 / CH0670Electric Companies - Service Restoration - Special Medical Needs FacilitiesApproved by the Governor - Chapter 670Economic Matters
3/7/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
4/2/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorUtility Regulation (C5)
HB1204
    (SB0683)
Labor and Employment - Maryland Wage and Hour Law - Payment of WagesIn the House - Hearing 2/27 at 1:00 p.m.Economic Matters
2/27/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPrivate Sector Labor and Industry (K3)
HB1212
    (SB0709)
Consumer Protection - Negative Option Feature - RestrictionsIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Economic MattersEconomic Matters
3/13/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorCommercial Law - Consumer Protection (I3)
HB1216 / CH0289
    (SB0581 / CH0288)
Health Insurance - Federal Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act - Notice and Authorization FormsApproved by the Governor - Chapter 289Health and Government Operations
2/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
3/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorInsurance - Health (C3)
HB1245
    (SB0822)
Mental Health and Substance Use Disorder Safety Net Act of 2013In the House - Hearing 2/28 at 1:00 p.m.Health and Government Operations
2/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPublic Health (J1)
HB1246
    (SB0469)
Business Relief and Tax Fairness Act of 2013In the House - Hearing 3/08 at 1:00 p.m.Ways and Means
3/8/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorTaxes - Income (Q3)
HB1252 / CH0291
    (SB0582 / CH0290)
Health Insurance - Federal Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act - Utilization Review Criteria and StandardsApproved by the Governor - Chapter 291Health and Government Operations
2/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
3/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorInsurance - Health (C3)
HB1257 / CH0674Land Use - Clarifications and CorrectionsApproved by the Governor - Chapter 674Environmental Matters
2/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental Affairs
4/2/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorLocal Government - Generally (L6)
HB1266
    (SB0799)
Energy - Landfill Diversion - Municipal Solid Waste Portfolio StandardIn the House - Hearing 3/14 at 1:00 p.m.Economic Matters
3/14/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorUtility Regulation (C5)
HB1269
    (SB0240)
Task Force to Study Redistricting in MarylandIn the House - Unfavorable Report by House Rules and Executive Nominations; WithdrawnRules and Executive Nominations
3/11/2013 - 2:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorState Government - General Assembly (P5)
HB1274Maryland Hydraulic Fracturing Moratorium and Right to Know Act of 2013In the House - Unfavorable Report by Environmental Matters; WithdrawnEnvironmental Matters
3/8/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorEnvironment (M3)
HB1275Public Safety - Regulated Firearms - Firearm and Permit SurchargeIn the House - Hearing 3/05 at 1:00 p.m.Judiciary
3/5/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPublic Safety (E4)
HB1277Sales and Use Tax - Ammunition - Developmental Disabilities FundingIn the House - Hearing 3/08 at 1:00 p.m.Ways and Means
3/8/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorTaxes - Sales and Use (Q4)
HB1279 / CH0410
    (SB0902)
Statewide Building Codes - Maryland Accessibility Code - EnforcementApproved by the Governor - Chapter 410Environmental Matters
3/7/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsCo-SponsorPublic Safety (E4)
HB1283Prevailing Wage Enforcement ActIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Economic MattersEconomic Matters
3/5/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorState Government - Procurement (P2)
HB1297 / CH0330
    (SB0897 / CH0329)
Consumer Protection - Security Freezes - Children in Foster Care SettingsApproved by the Governor - Chapter 330Economic Matters
3/13/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
3/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorCommercial Law - Consumer Protection (I3)
HB1306Public Banking Institutions - Authorization and Task ForceIn the House - Unfavorable Report by Economic MattersEconomic Matters
3/12/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorFinancial Institutions (I1)
HB1308 / CH0515
    (SB0642 / CH0514)
Residential Property - Prohibition on Nonjudicial EvictionsApproved by the Governor - Chapter 515Environmental Matters
3/7/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Judicial ProceedingsCo-SponsorReal Property (N1)
HB1320 / CH0413Baltimore City and Baltimore County - Child in Need of Supervision Pilot Program - ExtensionApproved by the Governor - Chapter 413Judiciary
3/7/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Judicial Proceedings
3/27/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorJuvenile Law (E3)
HB1427State Government - Human Trafficking Address Confidentiality ProgramIn the House - Hearing 3/19 at 1:00 p.m.Judiciary
3/19/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorState Government - Agencies, Offices, and Officials (P1)
HB1462Task Force to Study a Later Starting Time for Maryland Public SchoolsIn the Senate - Unfavorable Report by Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsWays and Means
3/15/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental Affairs
4/3/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Co-SponsorPrimary and Secondary Education (F1)
HB0224 / CH0158
    (SB0279 / CH0157)
Election Law - Improving Access to VotingApproved by the Governor - Chapter 158Ways and Means
2/21/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsBy Request - AdministrationElections (G1)
HB0226 / CH0003
    (SB0275)
Maryland Offshore Wind Energy Act of 2013Approved by the Governor - Chapter 3Economic Matters
2/5/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
2/26/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
By Request - AdministrationEnvironment (M3)
HB0228 / CH0159
    (SB0274)
Maryland Health Progress Act of 2013Approved by the Governor - Chapter 159Health and Government Operations
2/13/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
4/2/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Budget and Taxation
By Request - AdministrationInsurance - Health (C3)
HB0294
    (SB0281 / CH0427)
Firearm Safety Act of 2013In the House - Hearing 3/01 at 1:00 p.m. (Health and Government Operations)Judiciary
3/1/2013 - 12:00 p.m.
Health and Government Operations
3/1/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
By Request - AdministrationPublic Safety (E4)
HB0295
    (SB0276 / CH0156)
Death Penalty Repeal and Appropriation from Savings to Aid Survivors of Homicide VictimsIn the House - Hearing 2/14 at 2:00 p.m.Judiciary
2/14/2013 - 2:00 p.m.
By Request - AdministrationCriminal Law - Procedure (E2)
HB0863
    (SB0841 / CH0428)
Higher Education Fair Share ActVetoed by the Governor (Duplicative)Appropriations
3/5/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Finance
3/28/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
By Request - AdministrationState Government - Personnel (P4)
HB0959
    (SB0676 / CH0304)
Governmental Procedures - Security and Protection of InformationIn the Senate - Favorable Report by Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsHealth and Government Operations
2/20/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsBy Request - CommitteeState Government - Agencies, Offices, and Officials (P1)
HB0767 / CH0562
    (SB0820 / CH0561)
Animal Welfare - Spay/Neuter Fund - EstablishmentApproved by the Governor - Chapter 562Environmental Matters
2/21/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsBy Request - OtherAgriculture (M4)
HB1397
    (SB1065)
Public Ethics - Public Officials, Local Governments, and Lobbyists - Training, Reporting, and EnforcementIn the Senate - Third Reading Passed with Amendments (47-0)Environmental Matters
3/5/2013 - 1:00 p.m.
Education, Health, and Environmental AffairsBy Request - OtherEthics (G2)

Denotes enacted legislation

October 30, 2013 7:45 A.M.