About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.



Statute Text

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Article - Business Occupations and Professions
§16–101.  
(a)   In this title the following words have the meanings indicated.
(b)    (1)   “Appraisal” means an analysis, conclusion, or opinion about the nature, quality, utility, or value of interests in or aspects of identified real estate.
(2)   “Appraisal” includes:
(i)   a valuation appraisal;
(ii)   an analysis assignment; and
(iii)   a review assignment.
(3)   “Appraisal” does not include an opinion to a potential seller or third party by a person licensed under Title 17 of this article about the recommended listing price or recommended purchase price of real estate, provided that the opinion is not referred to as an appraisal.
(c)   “Appraisal report” means any communication, oral or written, of an appraisal.
(d)   “Central Repository” means the Criminal Justice Information System Central Repository of the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services.
(e)    (1)   “Certificate” means, unless the context requires otherwise, a certificate issued by the Commission that allows an individual to provide certified real estate appraisal services.
(2)   “Certificate” includes, unless the context requires otherwise, each of the following certificates:
(i)   a certificate to provide certified real estate appraisal services for general real estate; and
(ii)   a certificate to provide certified real estate appraisal services for residential real estate.
(f)   “Certified appraisal report” means an appraisal report prepared and signed by a certified real estate appraiser.
(g)    (1)   “Certified real estate appraiser” means, unless the context requires otherwise, an individual who is certified by the Commission to provide certified real estate appraisal services.
(2)   “Certified real estate appraiser” includes:
(i)   a certified real estate appraiser for general real estate; and
(ii)   a certified real estate appraiser for residential real estate.
(h)   “Commission” means the State Commission of Real Estate Appraisers, Appraisal Management Companies, and Home Inspectors.
(i)   “Home inspection” means a written evaluation of one or more of the components of an existing residential building, including the heating system, cooling system, plumbing system, electrical system, structural components, foundation, roof, masonry structure, exterior and interior components, or any other related residential housing component.
(j)   “Home inspector” means an individual who provides home inspection services for compensation.
(k)   “License” means, unless the context requires otherwise, a license issued by the Commission to provide real estate appraisal services or to provide home inspection services.
(l)   “Licensed home inspector” means an individual who is licensed by the Commission to provide home inspection services.
(m)   “Licensed real estate appraiser” means an individual who is licensed by the Commission to provide real estate appraisal services.
(n)   “Provide certified real estate appraisal services” means to provide real estate appraisal services as a certified real estate appraiser.
(o)   “Provide home inspection services” means to provide home inspection services as a licensed home inspector.
(p)   “Provide real estate appraisal services” means to make for consideration an appraisal of real estate or prepare or sign an appraisal report in connection with a federally related transaction, as defined in the federal Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989.
(q)    (1)   “Real estate” means any interest in real property that is located in the State or elsewhere.
(2)   “Real estate” includes:
(i)   an interest in a condominium; and
(ii)   a time–share estate or a time–share license, as those terms are defined in § 11A–101 of the Real Property Article.
(r)   “Real estate appraiser trainee” means an individual who is licensed by the Commission to provide real estate appraisal services while:
(1)   under the supervision of a supervising appraiser; and
(2)   in training to become a licensed real estate appraiser or certified real estate appraiser.
(s)   “Supervising appraiser” means a certified residential real estate appraiser or a certified general real estate appraiser who has the responsibility of supervising one or more real estate appraiser trainees.
(t)    (1)   “Supervision” means the responsibility of a supervising appraiser to provide on–site direction or immediately available direction, through written instructions or by electronic means, to real estate appraiser trainees performing real estate appraisal services.
(2)   “Supervision” includes a supervising appraiser accepting direct responsibility for a real estate appraisal prepared by the real estate appraiser trainee while the trainee is under the supervising appraiser’s direction on a specific appraisal assignment.