About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.

Statute Text

Article - Education
(a)    (1)   In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.
(2)   “Bullying, harassment, or intimidation” means intentional conduct, including verbal, physical, or written conduct, or an intentional electronic communication, that:
(i)   Creates a hostile educational environment by substantially interfering with a student’s educational benefits, opportunities, or performance, or with a student’s physical or psychological well–being and is:
1.   Motivated by an actual or a perceived personal characteristic including race, national origin, marital status, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion, ancestry, physical attributes, socioeconomic status, familial status, or physical or mental ability or disability; or
2.   Threatening or seriously intimidating; and
(ii)    1.   Occurs on school property, at a school activity or event, or on a school bus; or
2.   Substantially disrupts the orderly operation of a school.
(3)   “Electronic communication” means a communication transmitted by means of an electronic device, including a telephone, cellular phone, computer, or pager.
(b)    (1)   The Department shall require a county board to report incidents of bullying, harassment, or intimidation against students attending a public school under the jurisdiction of the county board.
(2)   An incident of bullying, harassment, or intimidation may be reported by:
(i)   A student;
(ii)   The parent, guardian, or close adult relative of a student; or
(iii)   A school staff member.
(c)    (1)   The Department shall create a standard victim of bullying, harassment, or intimidation report form.
(2)   Each victim of bullying, harassment, or intimidation report form shall:
(i)   Identify the victim and the alleged perpetrator, if known;
(ii)   Indicate the age of the victim and alleged perpetrator;
(iii)   Describe the incident, including alleged statements made by the alleged perpetrator;
(iv)   Indicate the location of the incident;
(v)   Identify any physical injury suffered by the victim and describe the seriousness and any permanent effects of the injury;
(vi)   Indicate the number of days a student is absent from school, if any, as a result of the incident;
(vii)   Identify any request for psychological services initiated by the victim or the victim’s family due to psychological injuries suffered; and
(viii)   Include instructions on how to fill out the form and the mailing address to where the form shall be sent.
(3)   A county board shall distribute copies of the victim of bullying, harassment, or intimidation report form to each public school under the county board’s jurisdiction.
(d)    (1)   Each county board shall submit summaries of report forms filed with the county board to the State Board on or before January 31 each year.
(2)   A county board shall delete any information that identifies an individual.
(e)   The information contained in a victim of bullying, harassment, or intimidation report form in accordance with subsection (c) of this section:
(1)   Is confidential and may not be redisclosed except as otherwise provided under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act or this section; and
(2)   May not be made a part of a student’s permanent educational record.
(f)    (1)   The Department shall submit a report on or before March 31 each year to the Senate Education, Health, and Environmental Affairs Committee and the House Ways and Means Committee, in accordance with § 2–1246 of the State Government Article, consisting of a summary of the information included in the victim of bullying, harassment, or intimidation report forms filed with the county boards the previous year.
(2)   The report submitted by the Department shall include, to the extent feasible:
(i)   A description of the act constituting the bullying, harassment, or intimidation;
(ii)   The age of the victim and alleged perpetrator;
(iii)   The allegation of the alleged perpetrator’s motive;
(iv)   A description of the investigation of the complaint and any corrective action taken by the appropriate school authorities;
(v)   The number of days a student is absent from school, if any, as a result of the incident; and
(vi)   The number of false allegations reported.