About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

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Statute Text

ati353054.tmp
Article - Education
§7–424.1.  
(a)    (1)   In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.
(2)   “Bullying, harassment, or intimidation” means intentional conduct, including verbal, physical, or written conduct, or an intentional electronic communication, that:
(i)   Creates a hostile educational environment by substantially interfering with a student’s educational benefits, opportunities, or performance, or with a student’s physical or psychological well–being and is:
1.   Motivated by an actual or a perceived personal characteristic including race, national origin, marital status, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion, ancestry, physical attribute, socioeconomic status, familial status, or physical or mental ability or disability; or
2.   Threatening or seriously intimidating; and
(ii)    1.   Occurs on school property, at a school activity or event, or on a school bus; or
2.   Substantially disrupts the orderly operation of a school.
(3)    (i)   “Electronic communication” means a communication transmitted by means of an electronic device, including a telephone, cellular phone, computer, or pager.
(ii)   “Electronic communication” includes a social media communication.
(b)    (1)   By March 31, 2009, the State Board, after consultation with and input from local school systems, shall develop a model policy prohibiting bullying, harassment, or intimidation in schools.
(2)   The model policy developed under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall include:
(i)   A statement prohibiting bullying, harassment, and intimidation in schools;
(ii)   A statement prohibiting reprisal or retaliation against individuals who report acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation;
(iii)   A definition of bullying, harassment, or intimidation that is either the same as set forth in subsection (a)(2) of this section or a definition that is not less inclusive than that definition;
(iv)   Standard consequences and remedial actions for persons committing acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation and for persons engaged in reprisal or retaliation;
(v)   Standard consequences and remedial actions for persons found to have made false accusations;
(vi)   Model procedures for reporting acts of bullying, harassment, and intimidation;
(vii)   Model procedures for the prompt investigation of acts of bullying, harassment, and intimidation;
(viii)   Information about the types of support services available to the student bully, victim, and any bystanders; and
(ix)   Information regarding the availability and use of the bullying, harassment, or intimidation form under § 7–424 of this subtitle.
(3)   By September 1, 2016, and every 5 years thereafter, the State Board, after consultation with local school systems, shall update the model policy required under paragraph (1) of this subsection.
(c)    (1)   Each county board shall establish a policy prohibiting bullying, harassment, or intimidation at school based on the model policy.
(2)   The policy shall address the components of the model policy specified in subsection (b)(2) of this section.
(3)   A county board shall develop the policy in consultation with representatives of the following groups:
(i)   Parents or guardians of students;
(ii)   School employees and administrators;
(iii)   School volunteers;
(iv)   Students; and
(v)   Members of the community.
(4)   By January 1, 2017, and every 5 years thereafter, each county board shall update its policy based on the State Board’s update of the model policy under subsection (b)(3) of this section.
(d)   Each county board shall publicize its policy in student handbooks, school system Web sites, and any other location or venue the county board determines is necessary or appropriate.
(e)   Each county board policy shall include information on the procedure for reporting incidents of bullying, harassment, or intimidation, including:
(1)   A chain of command in the reporting process; and
(2)   The name and contact information for an employee of the Department, designated by the Department, who is familiar with the reporting and investigation procedures in the applicable school system.
(f)    (1)   By July 1, 2009, each county board shall submit its policy to the State Superintendent.
(2)   By January 1, 2017, and every 5 years thereafter, each county board shall submit its updated policy to the State Superintendent.
(g)   Each county board shall develop the following educational programs in its efforts to prevent bullying, harassment, and intimidation in schools:
(1)   An educational bullying, harassment, and intimidation prevention program for students, staff, volunteers, and parents; and
(2)   A teacher and administrator development program that trains teachers and administrators to implement the policy.
(h)    (1)   A school employee who reports an act of bullying, harassment, or intimidation under this section in accordance with the county board’s policy established under subsection (c) of this section is not civilly liable for any act or omission in reporting or failing to report an act of bullying, harassment, or intimidation under this section.
(2)    The provisions of this section may not be construed to limit the legal rights of a victim of bullying, harassment, or intimidation.