About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.

Statute Text

Article - Financial Institutions
(a)   With the application for a new or renewal license, the applicant or licensee shall file a surety bond or bond renewal certificate with the Commissioner as provided in this section.
(b)    (1)   A surety bond filed under this section shall run to the State for the benefit of any consumer who is injured by a violation of this subtitle or a regulation adopted under this subtitle committed by a licensee or an agent of a licensee, including an agent managing a trust account.
(2)   The surety bond shall be:
(i)   In an amount not less than $10,000 and not more than $1,000,000, as set by the Commissioner;
(ii)   Issued by a bonding, surety, or insurance company that is authorized to do business in the State; and
(iii)   Conditioned so that the licensee and its agent shall comply with all State and federal laws and regulations governing the business of providing debt management services.
(3)   The liability of a surety:
(i)   Is not affected by the insolvency or bankruptcy of the licensee or its agent or by any misrepresentation, breach of warranty, failure to pay a premium, or other act or omission of the licensee or its agent; and
(ii)   Continues as to all transactions of the licensee, and transactions of its agent on behalf of the licensee, for no longer than 2 years after the licensee ceases, for any reason, to be licensed.
(4)   The Commissioner may allow the amount of the surety bond to be reduced if the amount of the licensee’s outstanding debt management services liabilities in the State is reduced.
(5)   In setting the amount of the surety bond, the Commissioner shall consider:
(i)   The financial condition and business experience of the applicant or licensee and the agent of the applicant or licensee;
(ii)   For an applicant, the projected monthly and annual volume of debt management services to be provided in the State;
(iii)   For a licensee, the average monthly and annual volume of debt management services provided in the State during the previous 12-month period;
(iv)   The potential loss to consumers who remit funds to the applicant or licensee if the applicant or licensee becomes financially impaired; and
(v)   Any other factor the Commissioner considers appropriate.
(c)   If the principal amount of a surety bond is reduced by payment of a claim or judgment, the licensee shall file with the Commissioner any new or additional surety bond in the amount that the Commissioner sets.
(d)   The Commissioner may waive the surety bond requirement under this section if the Commissioner determines that the volume of debt management services provided by the applicant or licensee does not warrant the need for a surety bond.
(e)   A penalty imposed under § 12-928 or § 12-929 of this subtitle may be paid and collected from the proceeds of a surety bond required under this section.