About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.

Statute Text

Article - Education
(a)   There is a Maryland Longitudinal Data System Center.
(b)   The Center is an independent unit within State government.
(c)   The organizational placement and location of the Center shall be determined by the Governing Board.
(d)    (1)   The head of the Center is the Executive Director, who shall be appointed by the Governing Board.
(2)   The Center may employ the additional staff necessary to carry out the Center’s functions as provided in the State budget.
(e)   The Center shall be considered an authorized representative of the State Department of Education and the Maryland Higher Education Commission under applicable federal and State statutes for purposes of accessing and compiling student record data for research purposes.
(f)   The Center shall perform the following functions and duties:
(1)   Serve as a central repository of student data and workforce data in the Maryland Longitudinal Data System, including data sets provided by:
(i)   The State Department of Education;
(ii)   Local education agencies;
(iii)   The Maryland Higher Education Commission;
(iv)   Institutions of higher education; and
(v)   The Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation;
(2)   Oversee and maintain the warehouse of the Maryland Longitudinal Data System data sets;
(3)   Ensure routine and ongoing compliance with the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act and other relevant privacy laws and policies, including:
(i)   The required use of de–identified data in data research and reporting;
(ii)   The required disposition of information that is no longer needed;
(iii)   Providing data security, including the capacity for audit trails;
(iv)   Providing for performance of regular audits for compliance with data privacy and security standards; and
(v)   Implementing guidelines and policies that prevent the reporting of other potentially identifying data;
(4)   Conduct research using timely and accurate student data and workforce data to improve the State’s education system and guide decision making by State and local governments, educational agencies, institutions, teachers, and other education professionals;
(5)   Conduct research relating to:
(i)   The impact of State and federal education programs;
(ii)   The performance of educator preparation programs; and
(iii)   Best practices regarding classroom instruction, education programs and curriculum, and segment alignment;
(6)   Fulfill information and data requests to facilitate State and federal education reporting with existing State agencies as appropriate; and
(7)   Fulfill approved public information requests.
(g)    (1)   Direct access to data in the Maryland Longitudinal Data System shall be restricted to authorized staff of the Center.
(2)   The Center may only use de–identified data in the analysis, research, and reporting conducted by the Center.
(3)   The Center may only use aggregate data in the release of data in reports and in response to data requests.
(4)   Data that may be identifiable based on the size or uniqueness of the population under consideration may not be reported in any form by the Center.
(5)   The Center may not release information that may not be disclosed under the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act and other relevant privacy laws and policies.
(h)   The Center may receive funding from the following sources:
(1)   State appropriations;
(2)   Grants or other assistance from local education agencies and institutions of higher education;
(3)   Federal grants;
(4)   User fees; and
(5)   Any other grants or contributions from public or private entities received by the Center.