About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.



Statute Text

ati531372.tmp
Article - Education
§7–424.3.  
(a)    (1)   In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.
(2)   “Bullying, harassment, and intimidation” means any intentional written, verbal, or physical act, including an electronic communication, that:
(i)    1.   Physically harms an individual;
2.   Damages an individual’s property;
3.   Substantially interferes with an individual’s education or learning environment; or
4.   Places an individual in reasonable fear of harm to the individual’s person or property; and
(ii)    1.   Occurs on school property, at a school activity or event, or on a school bus; or
2.   Substantially disrupts the orderly operation of a school.
(3)   “Electronic communication” means a communication transmitted by means of an electronic device, including a telephone, cellular phone, computer, or pager.
(4)   “Nonpublic school” means a nonpublic school that participates in State–funded education programs.
(b)   By March 31, 2012, each nonpublic school shall adopt a policy prohibiting bullying, harassment, and intimidation.
(c)   The policy adopted under subsection (b) of this section shall include:
(1)   A statement prohibiting bullying, harassment, and intimidation in the school;
(2)   A statement prohibiting reprisal or retaliation against individuals who report acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation;
(3)   A definition of bullying, harassment, and intimidation that is either the same as set forth in subsection (a) of this section or a definition that is not less inclusive than that definition;
(4)   Standard consequences and remedial actions for persons committing acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation and for persons engaged in reprisal or retaliation, including:
(i)   Specific penalties for persons who repeatedly commit acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation; and
(ii)   A requirement that persons who commit acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation receive educational and therapeutic services concerning bullying prevention;
(5)   Standard consequences and remedial actions for persons found to have made false accusations;
(6)   Standard procedures for reporting acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation, including a chain of command in the reporting process;
(7)   Standard procedures for the prompt investigation of acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation;
(8)   Standard procedures for protecting victims of bullying, harassment, or intimidation from additional acts of bullying, harassment, or intimidation, and from retaliation; and
(9)   Information about the types of support services available to a student bully or victim and any bystanders.
(d)   A nonpublic school is encouraged to develop the policy adopted under subsection (b) of this section in consultation with the following groups:
(1)   Parents or guardians of students;
(2)   School employees and administrators;
(3)   School volunteers; and
(4)   Students.
(e)   A nonpublic school is encouraged to publicize the policy adopted under subsection (b) of this section in student handbooks, on the school’s Web site, and any other location or venue the school determines is necessary or appropriate.
(f)   A nonpublic school is encouraged to develop the following educational programs in its efforts to prevent bullying, harassment, and intimidation:
(1)   An educational bullying, harassment, and intimidation prevention program for students, staff, volunteers, and parents; and
(2)   A teacher and administrator development program that trains teachers and administrators to implement the policy adopted under subsection (b) of this section.
(g)   An employee of a nonpublic school who reports an act of bullying, harassment, or intimidation in accordance with the nonpublic school’s policy adopted under subsection (b) of this section is not civilly liable for any act or omission in reporting or failing to report an act of bullying, harassment, or intimidation in accordance with the policy.
(h)   The provisions of this section may not be construed to:
(1)   Limit the legal rights of a victim of bullying, harassment, or intimidation; or
(2)   Require a statewide policy in nonpublic schools relating to bullying, harassment, and intimidation.