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Statutes Text

Article - Business Regulation




§4.5–705.

    (a)    Subject to this subtitle a claimant may recover compensation from the Guaranty Fund for an actual loss that results from an act or omission by a registrant as found by the Division or a court of competent jurisdiction.

    (b)    Before submitting a claim to the Guaranty Fund, a consumer shall:

        (1)    send a registrant a written notice describing the alleged defect or other claim for which the consumer intends to seek recovery; and

        (2)    permit the registrant access, during regular business hours, to the consumer’s property to inspect, determine the cause of, and remedy the alleged defect or other claim within a reasonable period of time.

    (c)    (1)    (i)    If a consumer has a new home warranty security plan, the consumer may also seek recovery from the Guaranty Fund if the consumer has first:

                1.    filed a claim with the new home warranty security plan; and

                2.    exhausted the plan’s claim process.

            (ii)    A consumer seeking recovery under subparagraph (i) of this paragraph may not receive more than one recovery for the same actual loss.

        (2)    A claimant who has also filed a claim with a new home warranty security plan shall include with the claim against the Guaranty Fund:

            (i)    a copy or description of the claim filed with the new home warranty security plan;

            (ii)    any documents submitted by the claimant in support of the warranty claim, including engineering or inspection reports;

            (iii)    any documents submitted on behalf of the home builder or warranty plan in connection with the warranty claim, including engineering or inspection reports;

            (iv)    disclosure of any recoveries received in connection with the warranty claim; and

            (v)    if all or part of the warranty claim was denied, a copy of the denial.

    (d)    (1)    The Division may deny a claim if the Division finds that the claimant unreasonably rejected good faith efforts by the registrant to resolve the claim.

        (2)    In determining whether a claim should be denied under paragraph (1) of this subsection, the Division shall consider whether the claimant provided the registrant with notice and a reasonable opportunity to access and inspect and repair the claimed defect as required under subsection (b) of this section.

    (e)    The Division may not award from the Guaranty Fund:

        (1)    more than $50,000 to one claimant for acts or omissions of one registrant;

        (2)    more than $300,000 to all claimants for acts or omissions of one registrant unless, after the Division has paid out $300,000 on account of acts or omissions of the registrant, the registrant reimburses $300,000 to the Guaranty Fund; or

        (3)    an amount for attorney’s fees, consequential damages, court costs, interest, personal injury damages, or punitive damages.

    (f)    A claim against the Guaranty Fund based on the act or omission of a particular registrant may not be made by:

        (1)    a spouse or other immediate relative of the registrant;

        (2)    an employee or principal of the registrant; or

        (3)    an immediate relative of an employee or principal of the registrant.

    (g)    (1)    A claimant may bring a claim against the Guaranty Fund within 2 years after the claimant discovered or, should have discovered the loss or damage or within 2 years after the expiration of the warranty under § 10–204 of the Real Property Article, whichever occurs first.

        (2)    If a claimant has filed a claim with a new home warranty security plan, a claimant may bring a claim against the Guaranty Fund within 4 months after the claims process of the home warranty security plan is exhausted.