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Statutes Text

Article - Family Law




§12–204.

    (a)    (1)    The basic child support obligation shall be determined in accordance with the schedule of basic child support obligations in subsection (e) of this section. The basic child support obligation shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes.

        (2)    (i)    If one or both parents have made a request for alimony or maintenance in the proceeding in which a child support award is sought, the court shall decide the issue and amount of alimony or maintenance before determining the child support obligation under these guidelines.

            (ii)    If the court awards alimony or maintenance, the amount of alimony or maintenance awarded shall be considered actual income for the recipient of the alimony or maintenance and shall be subtracted from the income of the payor of the alimony or maintenance under § 12–201(c)(2) of this subtitle before the court determines the amount of a child support award.

    (b)    (1)    Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, if a parent is voluntarily impoverished, child support may be calculated based on a determination of potential income.

        (2)    A determination of potential income may not be made for a parent who:

            (i)    is unable to work because of a physical or mental disability; or

            (ii)    is caring for a child under the age of 2 years for whom the parents are jointly and severally responsible.

    (c)    If a combined adjusted actual income amount falls between amounts shown in the schedule, the basic child support amount shall be extrapolated to the next higher amount.

    (d)    If the combined adjusted actual income exceeds the highest level specified in the schedule in subsection (e) of this section, the court may use its discretion in setting the amount of child support.

    (e)    Schedule of basic child support obligations:
Combined
Adjusted
Actual
Income

1
Child

2
Children

3
Children

4
Children

5
Children
6 or
More
Children 100–1200 $20 – $150 Per Month, Based
On Resources And Living
Expenses Of Obligor And Number
Of Children Due Support 1250 162 163 165 167 169 170 1300 195 197 199 202 204 206 1350 229 231 234 236 239 241 1400 262 265 268 271 274 277 1450 295 299 302 305 308 312 1500 310 330 334 338 341 345 1550 319 362 366 370 374 378 1600 327 394 398 402 407 411 1650 336 425 430 435 439 444 1700 344 457 462 467 472 477 1750 353 488 494 499 505 510 1800 361 520 526 532 537 543 1850 370 537 558 564 570 576 1900 378 550 590 596 603 609 1950 387 562 622 629 635 642 2000 395 574 654 661 668 675 2050 403 586 686 693 701 708 2100 412 598 706 726 733 741 2150 420 610 720 758 766 774 2200 428 622 734 790 799 807 2250 437 634 748 823 831 840 2300 445 646 761 851 864 873 2350 453 657 775 866 897 906 2400 462 669 789 882 930 939 2450 470 681 803 897 962 972 2500 478 693 817 913 995 1005 2550 486 705 831 928 1021 1039 2600 495 717 845 944 1038 1072 2650 503 729 859 959 1055 1105 2700 511 741 873 975 1072 1138 2750 520 753 886 990 1089 1171 2800 528 764 900 1006 1106 1202 2850 536 776 914 1021 1123 1221 2900 544 788 928 1037 1140 1240 2950 553 800 942 1052 1157 1258 3000 561 812 956 1068 1175 1277 3050 570 825 971 1084 1193 1297 3100 578 837 985 1101 1211 1316 3150 587 849 1000 1117 1229 1335 3200 595 861 1014 1133 1246 1355 3250 603 874 1029 1149 1264 1374 3300 612 886 1044 1166 1282 1394 3350 620 898 1058 1182 1300 1413 3400 629 911 1073 1198 1318 1433 3450 636 922 1086 1213 1334 1450 3500 644 932 1098 1227 1349 1467 3550 651 943 1111 1241 1365 1483 3600 658 953 1123 1255 1380 1500 3650 665 964 1136 1268 1395 1517 3700 673 974 1148 1282 1411 1533 3750 680 985 1160 1296 1426 1550 3800 687 995 1173 1310 1441 1567 3850 694 1006 1185 1324 1457 1583 3900 702 1016 1198 1338 1472 1600 3950 709 1027 1210 1352 1487 1617 4000 716 1037 1223 1366 1502 1633 4050 723 1048 1235 1379 1517 1649 4100 730 1057 1245 1391 1530 1663 4150 737 1067 1256 1403 1544 1678 4200 744 1076 1267 1416 1557 1693 4250 750 1086 1278 1428 1571 1707 4300 757 1095 1289 1440 1584 1722 4350 764 1105 1300 1452 1597 1736 4400 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1806 1987 2160 5900 964 1388 1627 1817 1999 2173 5950 970 1397 1637 1829 2012 2187 6000 976 1406 1647 1840 2024 2200 6050 983 1415 1658 1851 2037 2214 6100 989 1423 1668 1863 2049 2227 6150 995 1432 1678 1874 2062 2241 6200 1001 1441 1688 1885 2074 2254 6250 1007 1450 1698 1897 2086 2268 6300 1013 1458 1708 1907 2098 2281 6350 1016 1462 1713 1913 2104 2287 6400 1020 1467 1717 1918 2110 2294 6450 1023 1471 1722 1924 2116 2300 6500 1026 1476 1727 1929 2122 2307 6550 1030 1480 1732 1935 2128 2313 6600 1033 1485 1737 1940 2134 2320 6650 1037 1489 1742 1945 2140 2326 6700 1040 1494 1747 1951 2146 2333 6750 1043 1498 1751 1956 2152 2339 6800 1047 1503 1756 1962 2158 2346 6850 1050 1507 1761 1967 2164 2352 6900 1053 1512 1766 1973 2170 2359 6950 1057 1517 1771 1978 2176 2365 7000 1060 1521 1776 1983 2182 2372 7050 1064 1526 1781 1989 2188 2378 7100 1067 1530 1785 1994 2194 2385 7150 1070 1535 1790 2000 2200 2391 7200 1074 1539 1795 2005 2206 2397 7250 1077 1544 1800 2010 2211 2404 7300 1080 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3221 3608 3990 4356 14350 1858 2724 3233 3620 4004 4371 14400 1864 2733 3244 3633 4018 4386 14450 1871 2743 3255 3645 4032 4401 14500 1877 2752 3266 3658 4046 4416 14550 1884 2762 3278 3671 4060 4432 14600 1890 2771 3289 3683 4074 4447 14650 1897 2781 3300 3696 4088 4462 14700 1903 2790 3312 3708 4102 4477 14750 1910 2800 3323 3721 4116 4493 14800 1916 2809 3334 3734 4130 4508 14850 1923 2819 3345 3746 4144 4523 14900 1929 2828 3357 3759 4158 4538 14950 1936 2838 3368 3772 4172 4554 15000 1942 2847 3379 3784 4186 4569
    (f)    The adjusted basic child support obligation shall be determined by multiplying the basic child support obligation by one and one–half.

    (g)    (1)    Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, actual child care expenses incurred on behalf of a child due to employment or job search of either parent shall be added to the basic obligation and shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes.

        (2)    Child care expenses shall be:

            (i)    determined by actual family experience, unless the court determines that the actual family experience is not in the best interest of the child; or

            (ii)    if there is no actual family experience or if the court determines that actual family experience is not in the best interest of the child:

                1.    the level required to provide quality care from a licensed source; or

                2.    if the obligee chooses quality child care with an actual cost of an amount less than the level required to provide quality care from a licensed source, the actual cost of the child care expense.

        (3)    Additional child care expenses may be considered if a child has special needs.

    (h)    (1)    Any actual cost of providing health insurance coverage for a child for whom the parents are jointly and severally responsible shall be added to the basic child support obligation and shall be divided by the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes.

        (2)    Any extraordinary medical expenses incurred on behalf of a child shall be added to the basic child support obligation and shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes.

    (i)    By agreement of the parties or by order of court, the following expenses incurred on behalf of a child may be divided between the parents in proportion to their adjusted actual incomes:

        (1)    any expenses for attending a special or private elementary or secondary school to meet the particular educational needs of the child; or

        (2)    any expenses for transportation of the child between the homes of the parents.

    (j)    (1)    Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, when a disability dependency benefit, a retirement dependency benefit, or other third party dependency benefit is paid to or for a child of an obligor who is disabled, retired, or is receiving benefits from any source as a result of a compensable claim, the amount of the compensation shall be set off against the child support obligation calculated using the guidelines.

        (2)    (i)    If the amount paid to or for a child exceeds the current child support obligation calculated using the guidelines, the excess payment shall be credited to any existing child support arrearage that accrued after the effective date the benefits were awarded.

            (ii)    The excess payment may not be credited to any future child support obligation.

    (k)    (1)    Upon the expiration of a use and possession order or the expiration of the right to occupy the family home under a separation or property settlement agreement and upon motion of either party, the court shall review the child support award.

        (2)    If the allocation of financial responsibility for the family home was a factor in departing from the guidelines under subsection (a) of this section, the court may modify the child support, if appropriate in all the circumstances, upon the expiration of the use and possession order or the expiration of the right to occupy the family home under a separation or property settlement agreement.

    (l)    (1)    Except in cases of shared physical custody, each parent’s child support obligation shall be determined by adding each parent’s respective share of the basic child support obligation, work–related child care expenses, health insurance expenses, extraordinary medical expenses, and additional expenses under subsection (i) of this section.

        (2)    The obligee shall be presumed to spend that parent’s total child support obligation directly on the child or children.

        (3)    The obligor shall owe that parent’s total child support obligation as child support to the obligee minus any ordered payments included in the calculations made directly by the obligor on behalf of the child or children for work–related child care expenses, health insurance expenses, extraordinary medical expenses, or additional expenses under subsection (i) of this section.

    (m)    (1)    In cases of shared physical custody, the adjusted basic child support obligation shall first be divided between the parents in proportion to their respective adjusted actual incomes.

        (2)    Each parent’s share of the adjusted basic child support obligation shall then be multiplied by the percentage of time the child or children spend with the other parent to determine the theoretical basic child support obligation owed to the other parent.

        (3)    Subject to the provisions of paragraphs (4) and (5) of this subsection, the parent owing the greater amount under paragraph (2) of this subsection shall owe the difference in the 2 amounts as child support.

        (4)    In addition to the amount of the child support owed under paragraph (3) of this subsection, if either parent incurs child care expenses under subsection (g) of this section, health insurance expenses under subsection (h)(1) of this section, extraordinary medical expenses under subsection (h)(2) of this section, or additional expenses under subsection (i) of this section, the expense shall be divided between the parents in proportion to their respective adjusted actual incomes. The parent not incurring the expense shall pay that parent’s proportionate share to:

            (i)    the parent making direct payments to the provider of the service; or

            (ii)    the provider directly, if a court order requires direct payments to the provider.

        (5)    The amount owed under paragraph (3) of this subsection may not exceed the amount that would be owed under subsection (l) of this section.

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