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Statutes Text

Article - General Provisions




§4–362.

    (a)    (1)    Subject to paragraph (3) of this subsection, whenever a person or governmental unit is denied inspection of a public record or is not provided with a copy, printout, or photograph of a public record as requested, the person or governmental unit may file a complaint with the circuit court.

        (2)    Subject to paragraph (3) of this subsection, a complainant or custodian may appeal to the circuit court a decision issued by the State Public Information Act Compliance Board as provided under § 4–1A–10 of this title.

        (3)    A complaint or an appeal under this subsection shall be filed with the circuit court for the county where:

            (i)    the complainant resides or has a principal place of business; or

            (ii)    the public record is located.

    (b)    (1)    Unless, for good cause shown, the court otherwise directs, and notwithstanding any other provision of law, the defendant shall serve an answer or otherwise plead to the complaint within 30 days after service of the complaint.

        (2)    The defendant:

            (i)    has the burden of sustaining a decision to:

                1.    deny inspection of a public record; or

                2.    deny the person or governmental unit a copy, printout, or photograph of a public record; and

            (ii)    in support of the decision, may submit a memorandum to the court.

    (c)    (1)    Except for cases that the court considers of greater importance, a proceeding under this section, including an appeal, shall:

            (i)    take precedence on the docket;

            (ii)    be heard at the earliest practicable date; and

            (iii)    be expedited in every way.

        (2)    The court may examine the public record in camera to determine whether any part of the public record may be withheld under this title.

        (3)    The court may:

            (i)    enjoin the State, a political subdivision, or a unit, an official, or an employee of the State or of a political subdivision from:

                1.    withholding the public record; or

                2.    withholding a copy, printout, or photograph of the public record;

            (ii)    issue an order for the production of the public record or a copy, printout, or photograph of the public record that was withheld from the complainant; and

            (iii)    for noncompliance with the order, punish the responsible employee for contempt.

    (d)    (1)    A defendant governmental unit is liable to the complainant for statutory damages and actual damages that the court considers appropriate if the court finds that any defendant knowingly and willfully failed to:

            (i)    disclose or fully to disclose a public record that the complainant was entitled to inspect under this title; or

            (ii)    provide a copy, printout, or photograph of a public record that the complainant requested under § 4–205 of this title.

        (2)    An official custodian is liable for actual damages that the court considers appropriate if the court finds that, after temporarily denying inspection of a public record, the official custodian failed to petition a court for an order to continue the denial.

        (3)    Statutory damages imposed by the court under paragraph (1) of this subsection may not exceed $1,000.

    (e)    (1)    Whenever the court orders the production of a public record or a copy, printout, or photograph of a public record that was withheld from the applicant and, in addition, finds that the custodian acted arbitrarily or capriciously in withholding the public record or the copy, printout, or photograph of the public record, the court shall send a certified copy of its finding to the appointing authority of the custodian.

        (2)    On receipt of the statement of the court and after an appropriate investigation, the appointing authority shall take the disciplinary action that the circumstances warrant.

    (f)    If the court determines that the complainant has substantially prevailed, the court may assess against a defendant governmental unit reasonable counsel fees and other litigation costs that the complainant reasonably incurred.