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Statutes Text

Article - Health Occupations


    (a)    In this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated.

    (b)    “Alternate supervising physician” means one or more physicians designated by the supervising physician to provide supervision of an athletic trainer:

        (1)    During the absence of the supervising physician; and

        (2)    In accordance with the evaluation and treatment protocol on file with the Board.

    (c)    “Athlete” means an individual who participates in an athletic activity.

    (d)    “Athletic activity” means exercise, recreation, sport, competition, or game that:

        (1)    Requires physical strength, range of motion, flexibility, control, speed, stamina, or agility; and

        (2)    Is associated with a setting as defined under this section, an educational institution, or a professional, amateur, or recreational sports club or athletic organization.

    (e)    “Athletic injury” means an injury that affects an athlete’s participation or performance in an athletic activity.

    (f)    “Board” means the State Board of Physicians.

    (g)    “Committee” means the Athletic Trainer Advisory Committee established under § 14–5D–04 of this subtitle.

    (h)    “Educational institution” includes:

        (1)    The schools in the public elementary and secondary education system of the State;

        (2)    A noncollegiate educational institution governed under § 2–206 of the Education Article; and

        (3)    An institution of higher education as defined in § 10–101 of the Education Article.

    (i)    “Evaluation and treatment protocol” means a document that is executed by a physician and an athletic trainer that meets the requirements of § 14–5D–11 of this subtitle.

    (j)    “License” means a license issued by the Board to practice athletic training.

    (k)    “Licensed athletic trainer” means an individual who is licensed by the Board to practice athletic training.

    (l)    “Licensed health care practitioner” means an individual licensed, certified, or otherwise authorized to practice a health occupation under this article.

    (m)    “National certifying board” means the National Athletic Trainers’ Association Board of Certification, Inc., or its successor organization.

    (n)    “Nonsupervising physician” means a physician licensed by the Board who is not the supervising physician of the licensed athletic trainer.

    (o)    “Outside referral” means a request for treatment from a nonsupervising physician or licensed health care practitioner.

    (p)    (1)    “Practice athletic training” means application of the following principles and methods for managing athletic injuries for athletes in good overall health under the supervision of a licensed physician:

            (i)    Prevention;

            (ii)    Clinical evaluation and assessment;

            (iii)    Immediate care; and

            (iv)    Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning.

        (2)    “Practice athletic training” includes:

            (i)    Organization and administration of an athletic training program; and

            (ii)    Instruction to coaches, athletes, parents, medical personnel, and community members regarding the care and prevention of athletic injuries.

        (3)    “Practice athletic training” does not include:

            (i)    The practice of:

                1.    Chiropractic, including adjustments, manipulation, or high velocity mobilizations of the spine or extremities;

                2.    Massage therapy;

                3.    Medicine;

                4.    Occupational therapy;

                5.    Physical therapy; or

                6.    Podiatry;

            (ii)    The reconditioning of systemic neurologic injuries, conditions, or disease; or

            (iii)    Except for the conditioning of an athlete under the supervision of a treating physician, the treatment, rehabilitation, or reconditioning of nonathletic injuries or disease.

    (q)    “Setting” means a:

        (1)    Location where an athletic activity, as defined in subsection (d) of this section, is being held;

        (2)    Health or fitness club;

        (3)    Clinic or hospital;

        (4)    Corporation; or

        (5)    Government agency.

    (r)    “Supervising physician” means a physician who has been approved by the Board to supervise one or more athletic trainers.

    (s)    “Supervision” means the responsibility of a physician to provide ongoing and immediately available instruction, in person, by telephone, or by other electronic means, that is adequate to ensure the safety and welfare of a patient and is appropriate to the setting.