About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.

Statute Text

Article - Criminal Procedure
(a)   A court may enter a judgment of restitution that orders a defendant or child respondent to make restitution in addition to any other penalty for the commission of a crime or delinquent act, if:
(1)   as a direct result of the crime or delinquent act, property of the victim was stolen, damaged, destroyed, converted, or unlawfully obtained, or its value substantially decreased;
(2)   as a direct result of the crime or delinquent act, the victim suffered:
(i)   actual medical, dental, hospital, counseling, funeral, or burial expenses or losses;
(ii)   direct out-of-pocket loss;
(iii)   loss of earnings; or
(iv)   expenses incurred with rehabilitation;
(3)   the victim incurred medical expenses that were paid by the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene or any other governmental unit;
(4)   a governmental unit incurred expenses in removing, towing, transporting, preserving, storing, selling, or destroying an abandoned vehicle as defined in § 25-201 of the Transportation Article;
(5)   the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board paid benefits to a victim; or
(6)   the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene or other governmental unit paid expenses incurred under Subtitle 1, Part II of this title.
(b)   A victim is presumed to have a right to restitution under subsection (a) of this section if:
(1)   the victim or the State requests restitution; and
(2)   the court is presented with competent evidence of any item listed in subsection (a) of this section.
(c)    (1)   A judgment of restitution does not preclude the property owner or the victim who suffered personal physical or mental injury, out-of-pocket loss of earnings, or support from bringing a civil action to recover damages from the restitution obligor.
(2)   A civil verdict shall be reduced by the amount paid under the criminal judgment of restitution.
(d)   In making a disposition on a finding that a child at least 13 years old has committed an act of graffiti under § 6-301(d) of the Criminal Law Article, the court shall order the child to perform community service or pay restitution or both.