About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.

Statute Text

Article - Health - General
§21–2A–04.2.      NOT IN EFFECT
(a)    (1)   Beginning July 1, 2018, a prescriber:
(i)   Shall request at least the prior 4 months of prescription monitoring data for a patient before initiating a course of treatment for the patient that includes prescribing or dispensing an opioid or a benzodiazepine;
(ii)   Shall, if a patient’s course of treatment continues to include prescribing or dispensing an opioid or a benzodiazepine for more than 90 days after the initial request for prescription monitoring data, request prescription monitoring data for the patient at least every 90 days until the course of treatment has ended; and
(iii)   Shall assess prescription monitoring data requested from the Program before deciding whether to prescribe or dispense or continue prescribing or dispensing an opioid or a benzodiazepine.
(2)   If a prescriber decides to prescribe or continue to prescribe an opioid or a benzodiazepine after requesting prescription monitoring data from the Program and assessing the prescription monitoring data, the prescriber shall document in the patient’s medical record that the prescription monitoring data was requested and assessed.
(b)   A prescriber is not required to request prescription monitoring data from the Program if the opioid or benzodiazepine is prescribed or dispensed to an individual:
(1)   In an amount indicated for a period not to exceed 3 days;
(2)   For the treatment of cancer or cancer–related pain;
(3)   Who is:
(i)   A patient receiving treatment in an inpatient unit of a hospital;
(ii)    1.   A patient in a general hospice care program as defined in § 19–901 of this article; or
2.   Any other patient diagnosed with a terminal illness;
(iii)   A patient who resides in:
1.   An assisted living facility;
2.   A long–term care facility;
3.   A comprehensive care facility; or
4.   A developmental disabilities facility; or
(4)   To treat or prevent acute pain for a period of not more than 14 days following:
(i)   A surgical procedure in which general anesthesia was used;
(ii)   A fracture;
(iii)   Significant trauma; or
(iv)   Childbirth.
(c)   A prescriber may not be required to comply with the provisions of this section when:
(1)   Prescribing or dispensing an opioid or a benzodiazepine drug that has been listed by the Secretary under § 21–2A–03(b)(3) of this subtitle as having a low potential for abuse;
(2)   Accessing prescription monitoring data would result in a delay in the treatment of a patient that would negatively impact the medical condition of the patient;
(3)   Electronic access to prescription monitoring data is not operational as determined by the Department; or
(4)   Prescription monitoring data cannot be accessed by the prescriber due to a temporary technological or electrical failure.
(d)   If a prescriber does not access prescription monitoring data for any of the reasons provided under subsection (c)(2), (3), or (4) of this section:
(1)   The prescriber shall use reasonable medical judgment in determining whether to prescribe or dispense an opioid or a benzodiazepine; and
(2)   The prescriber shall enter an appropriate record in the patient’s medical chart, including the reason why prescription monitoring data was not accessed.
(e)   If a pharmacist or pharmacist delegate has a reasonable belief that a patient may be seeking a monitored prescription drug for any purpose other than the treatment of an existing medical condition:
(1)   Before dispensing a monitored prescription drug to the patient, the pharmacist or pharmacist delegate shall request prescription monitoring data to determine if the patient has received other prescriptions that indicate misuse, abuse, or diversion of a monitored prescription drug; and
(2)   The pharmacist shall have the responsibility described in 21 C.F.R. § 1306.04.
(f)   The Secretary may adopt regulations to provide additional clinical, technical, or administrative exemptions based on new standards of practice.