About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.

Statute Text

Article - State Government
(a)   In this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated.
(b)   “Council” means the Council on Open Data.
(c)    (1)   “Data” means final versions of statistical or factual information that:
(i)   are in alphanumeric or geospatial form reflected in a list, table, graph, chart, map, or other nonnarrative format that can be digitally transmitted or processed;
(ii)   are regularly created or maintained by or on behalf of a governmental entity; and
(iii)   record a measurement, transaction, or determination or provide information on government services, initiatives, and resources related to the mission of the covered governmental entity.
(2)   “Data” does not include draft versions of statistical or factual information that are used for internal analysis by a governmental entity.
(d)   “Data portal” means a Web site where governmental entities can post data sets and other data as identified by the Council.
(e)   “Data set” means a named collection of related records maintained on a storage device, with the collection containing data organized or formatted in a specific or prescribed way.
(f)   “Governmental entity” means a State or local entity.
(g)    (1)   “Local entity” means a county, municipal corporation, bicounty or multicounty agency, public authority, special taxing district, or other political subdivision or unit of a political subdivision of this State.
(2)   “Local entity” includes boards of education and library boards that receive funding from the State.
(h)   “Mapping and geographic information systems portal” means a Web site that provides:
(1)   data regarding services provided by and policy initiatives of governmental entities; and
(2)   other data provided in geospatial form as identified by the Council.
(i)    (1)   “Open data” means data that, consistent with any applicable laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, resolutions, policies, or other restrictions including requirements or rights associated with the data, a State entity:
(i)   has collected; and
(ii)   is permitted, required, or able to make available to the public.
(2)   “Open data” includes contractual or other legal orders, restrictions, or requirements.
(3)   “Open data” does not include data that if made public would:
(i)   violate another law or regulation that prohibits the data from being made public;
(ii)   endanger the public health, safety, or welfare;
(iii)   hinder the operation of government, including criminal and civil investigations;
(iv)   impose an undue financial, operational, or administrative burden on a State entity; or
(v)   disclose proprietary or confidential information.
(j)   “Open data portal” means a mapping and geographic information systems portal or data portal.
(k)   “State entity” means a department, a board, a commission, an agency, or a subunit in the Executive Branch of State government.