About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.



Statute Text

ati352846.tmp
Article - Education
§7–203.  
(a)   The State Board, the State Superintendent, each county board, and each public school shall implement a program of education accountability for the operation and management of the public schools.
(b)    (1)   In this subsection, “grade band assessment” means one assessment of a middle school student’s knowledge in a core academic subject area during grades 6 through 8.
(2)   The education accountability program shall include the following:
(i)   The State Board and the State Superintendent shall assist each county board to establish educational goals and objectives that conform with statewide educational objectives for subject areas including reading, writing, mathematics, science, and social studies;
(ii)   With the assistance of its county board, each public school shall survey current student achievement in reading, language, mathematics, science, social studies, and other areas to assess its needs;
(iii)    1.   The State Board and the State Superintendent shall implement assessment programs in reading, language, mathematics, science, and social studies that include written responses;
2.   The assessment program required in this subsection shall:
A.    Provide information needed to improve public schools by enhancing the learning gains of students and academic mastery of the skills and knowledge set forth in the State’s adopted curricula or common core curricula;
B.    Inform the public annually of the educational progress made at the school, local school system, and State levels; and
C.    Provide timely feedback to schools and teachers for the purposes of adapting the instructional program and making placement decisions for students; and
3.   Beginning in the 2014–2015 school year, the following assessments shall be implemented and administered annually:
A.    At the middle school level, a statewide, comprehensive, grade band assessment program that measures the learning gains of each public school student towards achieving mastery of the standards set forth in the common core curricula or the State’s adopted curricula for the core content areas of reading, language, mathematics, science, and social studies; and
B.    At the high school level, a statewide, standardized, end–of–course assessment that is aligned with and that measures each public school student’s skills and knowledge of the State’s adopted curricula for the core content areas of reading, language, mathematics, science, and social studies;
(iv)   Each public school shall establish as the basis for its assessment of its needs, project goals and objectives that are in keeping with the goals and objectives established by its county board and the State Board;
(v)   With the assistance of its county board, the State Board, and the State Superintendent, each public school shall develop programs to meet its needs on the basis of the priorities it sets;
(vi)   Evaluation programs shall be developed at the same time to determine if the goals and objectives are being met; and
(vii)   A reevaluation of programs, goals, and objectives shall be undertaken regularly.
(3)    (i)   After the 2014–2015 school year, the State Board shall determine whether the assessments at the middle school and high school levels required under paragraph (2)(iii)3 of this subsection adequately measure the skills and knowledge set forth in the State’s adopted curricula for the core content areas of reading, language, mathematics, science, and social studies.
(ii)   If the State Board makes a determination under subparagraph (i) of this paragraph that an assessment does not adequately measure the skills and knowledge set forth in the State’s adopted curricula for a core content area, the Department shall develop a State–specific assessment in that core content area to be implemented in the 2018–2019 school year.
(c)   National standardized testing may not be the only measure for evaluating educational accountability.
(d)   The Department shall assist each county board to establish an education accountability program by providing:
(1)   Guidelines for development and implementation of the program by the county boards; and
(2)   Assistance and coordination where it is needed and requested by the county boards.
(e)    (1)   The Department shall survey a statewide, representative sample of public schools and public school teachers annually to measure:
(i)   The amount of instructional time spent on social studies and science instruction in elementary schools;
(ii)   The availability and use of appropriate instructional resources and teaching technology in social studies and science classrooms;
(iii)   The availability and use of appropriate professional development for social studies and science teachers; and
(iv)   The number of secondary school social studies and science classes that are taught by teachers who are:
1.   Certified in the subject being taught; and
2.   Not certified in the subject being taught.
(2)   The Department shall:
(i)   Compile the results of the survey conducted under paragraph (1) of this subsection; and
(ii)   Publish the results on the Department’s Web site.
(f)   The State Superintendent shall send the Governor and, subject to § 2–1246 of the State Government Article, the General Assembly a report each January that includes:
(1)   Documentation of the progress of the Department, the county boards, and each public school in this State towards their respective goals and objectives; and
(2)   Recommendations for legislation that the State Board and the State Superintendent consider necessary to improve the quality of education in this State.
(g)   On the recommendation of the State Superintendent, the State Board shall include in its annual budget request the funds it considers necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.