About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.

Statute Text

Article - Commercial Law
Unfair or deceptive trade practices include any:
 (1)   False, falsely disparaging, or misleading oral or written statement, visual description, or other representation of any kind which has the capacity, tendency, or effect of deceiving or misleading consumers;
(2)   Representation that:
(i)   Consumer goods, consumer realty, or consumer services have a sponsorship, approval, accessory, characteristic, ingredient, use, benefit, or quantity which they do not have;
(ii)   A merchant has a sponsorship, approval, status, affiliation, or connection which he does not have;
(iii)   Deteriorated, altered, reconditioned, reclaimed, or secondhand consumer goods are original or new; or
(iv)   Consumer goods, consumer realty, or consumer services are of a particular standard, quality, grade, style, or model which they are not;
(3)   Failure to state a material fact if the failure deceives or tends to deceive;
(4)   Disparagement of the goods, realty, services, or business of another by a false or misleading representation of a material fact;
(5)   Advertisement or offer of consumer goods, consumer realty, or consumer services:
(i)   Without intent to sell, lease, or rent them as advertised or offered; or
(ii)   With intent not to supply reasonably expected public demand, unless the advertisement or offer discloses a limitation of quantity or other qualifying condition;
(6)   False or misleading representation of fact which concerns:
(i)   The reason for or the existence or amount of a price reduction; or
(ii)   A price in comparison to a price of a competitor or to one’s own price at a past or future time;
(7)   Knowingly false statement that a service, replacement, or repair is needed;
(8)   False statement which concerns the reason for offering or supplying consumer goods, consumer realty, or consumer services at sale or discount prices;
(9)   Deception, fraud, false pretense, false premise, misrepresentation, or knowing concealment, suppression, or omission of any material fact with the intent that a consumer rely on the same in connection with:
(i)   The promotion or sale of any consumer goods, consumer realty, or consumer service;
(ii)   A contract or other agreement for the evaluation, perfection, marketing, brokering or promotion of an invention; or
(iii)   The subsequent performance of a merchant with respect to an agreement of sale, lease, or rental;
(10)   Solicitations of sales or services over the telephone without first clearly, affirmatively, and expressly stating:
(i)   The solicitor’s name and the trade name of a person represented by the solicitor;
(ii)   The purpose of the telephone conversation; and
(iii)   The kind of merchandise, real property, intangibles, or service solicited;
(11)   Use of any plan or scheme in soliciting sales or services over the telephone that misrepresents the solicitor’s true status or mission;
(12)   Use of a contract related to a consumer transaction which contains a confessed judgment clause that waives the consumer’s right to assert a legal defense to an action;
(13)   Use by a seller, who is in the business of selling consumer realty, of a contract related to the sale of single family residential consumer realty, including condominiums and town houses, that contains a clause limiting or precluding the buyer’s right to obtain consequential damages as a result of the seller’s breach or cancellation of the contract;
(14)   Violation of a provision of:
(i)   This title;
(ii)   An order of the Attorney General or agreement of a party relating to unit pricing under Title 14, Subtitle 1 of this article;
(iii)   Title 14, Subtitle 2 of this article, the Maryland Consumer Debt Collection Act;
(iv)   Title 14, Subtitle 3 of this article, the Maryland Door–to–Door Sales Act;
(v)   Title 14, Subtitle 9 of this article, Kosher Products;
(vi)   Title 14, Subtitle 10 of this article, Automotive Repair Facilities;
(vii)   Section 14–1302 of this article;
(viii)   Title 14, Subtitle 11 of this article, Maryland Layaway Sales Act;
(ix)   Section 22–415 of the Transportation Article;
(x)   Title 14, Subtitle 20 of this article;
(xi)   Title 14, Subtitle 15 of this article, the Automotive Warranty Enforcement Act;
(xii)   Title 14, Subtitle 21 of this article;
(xiii)   Section 18–107 of the Transportation Article;
(xiv)   Title 14, Subtitle 22 of this article, the Maryland Telephone Solicitations Act;
(xv)   Title 14, Subtitle 23 of this article, the Automotive Crash Parts Act;
(xvi)   Title 10, Subtitle 6 of the Real Property Article;
(xvii)   Title 14, Subtitle 25 of this article, the Hearing Aid Sales Act;
(xviii)   Title 14, Subtitle 26 of this article, the Maryland Door–to–Door Solicitations Act;
(xix)   Title 14, Subtitle 31 of this article, the Maryland Household Goods Movers Act;
(xx)   Title 14, Subtitle 32 of this article, the Maryland Telephone Consumer Protection Act;
(xxi)   Title 14, Subtitle 34 of this article, the Social Security Number Privacy Act;
(xxii)   Title 14, Subtitle 37 of this article, the Online Child Safety Act;
(xxiii)   Section 14–1319, § 14–1320, or § 14–1322 of this article;
(xxiv)   Section 7–304 of the Criminal Law Article;
(xxv)   Title 7, Subtitle 3 of the Real Property Article, the Protection of Homeowners in Foreclosure Act;
(xxvi)   Title 6, Subtitle 13 of the Environment Article;
(xxvii)   Section 7–405(e)(2)(ii) of the Health Occupations Article;
(xxviii)   Title 12, Subtitle 10 of the Financial Institutions Article;
(xxix)   Title 19, Subtitle 7 of the Business Regulation Article; or
(xxx)   Section 15–311.3 of the Transportation Article; or
(15)   Act or omission that relates to a residential building and that is chargeable as a misdemeanor under or otherwise violates a provision of the Energy Conservation Building Standards Act, Title 7, Subtitle 4 of the Public Utilities Article.