About Statutes

This page accesses the Code of Maryland (Statutes) and the Maryland Municipal Charters and Resolutions as compiled and maintained by the Department of Legislative Services.

The Code is arranged by and organized into “Articles” (e.g. Transportation Article), which are further subdivided into “titles”, “subtitles”, “sections”, “subsections”, “paragraphs”, subparagraphs”, etc.

Note that the “official” compilation of the laws (Chapters) enacted at each session of the General Assembly is published by the State as the “Laws of Maryland”, commonly referred to as the “Session Laws”. The Session Laws for each session are compiled chronologically by chapter number and serve as the source law from which the statutes accessed here are derived.

While the “Laws of Maryland” (Session Laws) constitute the official laws of the State, this Code and the annotated versions noted below are accepted as “evidence” of the law in all State courts and by all public offices and officials (See § 10-201 of the Courts & Judicial Proceedings Article). However, in the event of a conflict between the Code and the Session Laws, the Session Laws prevail.

Note: Annotated versions of the Code, published by LexisNexis and West, are available in book and online formats. These Annotated Codes include references to case law, related citations, and explanatory notations.

The Municipal Charters are updated each year by incorporating all charter resolutions received by the Department through May 31 of that year. Individual Municipal Resolutions are published to the General Assembly website as they are received by the Department.

Statute Text

Article - Education
(a)   In this article, unless the context requires otherwise, the following words have the meanings indicated.
(b)   “Any state” means:
(1)   Any state, possession, or territory of the United States;
(2)   The District of Columbia; and
(3)   The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
(c)   “County” means a county of this State and includes Baltimore City.
(d)   “County board” means the board of education of a county and includes the Baltimore City Board of School Commissioners.
(e)   “County superintendent” means the county superintendent of schools of a county and includes the Chief Executive Officer of the Baltimore City Board of School Commissioners.
(f)   “Department” means the State Department of Education.
(g)   “Elementary and secondary education” means education and programs of education from and including preschool through the end of high school and their equivalent.
(h)   “Includes” or “including” means includes or including by way of illustration and not by way of limitation.
(i)   “Person” includes:
(1)   An individual, receiver, trustee, guardian, executor, administrator, fiduciary, or representative of any kind and any partnership, firm, association, public or private corporation, or other entity; and
(2)   The State, any county, municipal corporation, or other political subdivision of this State, and any of their agencies or units.
(j)   “Property” means any real or personal property or any interest in real or personal property.
(k)   “Public schools” means the schools in the public elementary and secondary education system of this State.
(l)   “State Board” means the State Board of Education.
(m)   “State Superintendent” means the State Superintendent of Schools.