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Statutes Text

Article - Criminal Law




§3–401.

    (a)    In this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated.

    (b)    “Deprive” means to withhold property of another:

        (1)    permanently;

        (2)    for a period that results in the appropriation of a part of the property’s value;

        (3)    with the purpose to restore it only on payment of a reward or other compensation; or

        (4)    to dispose of the property or use or deal with the property in a manner that makes it unlikely that the owner will recover it.

    (c)    “Obtain” means:

        (1)    in relation to property, to bring about a transfer of interest in or possession of the property; and

        (2)    in relation to a service, to secure the performance of the service.

    (d)    (1)    “Property” means anything of value.

        (2)    “Property” includes:

            (i)    real estate;

            (ii)    money;

            (iii)    a commercial instrument;

            (iv)    an admission or transportation ticket;

            (v)    a written instrument representing or embodying rights concerning anything of value, or services, or anything otherwise of value to the owner;

            (vi)    a thing growing on, affixed to, or found on land, or that is part of or affixed to any building;

            (vii)    electricity, gas, and water;

            (viii)    a bird, animal, or fish that ordinarily is kept in a state of confinement;

            (ix)    food or drink;

            (x)    a sample, culture, microorganism, or specimen;

            (xi)    a record, recording, document, blueprint, drawing, map, or a whole or partial copy, description, photograph, prototype, or model of any of them;

            (xii)    an article, material, device, substance, or a whole or partial copy, description, photograph, prototype, or model of any of them that represents evidence of, reflects, or records a secret:

                1.    scientific, technical, merchandising, production, or management information; or

                2.    designed process, procedure, formula, invention, trade secret, or improvement;

            (xiii)    a financial instrument; and

            (xiv)    information, electronically produced data, and a computer software or program in a form readable by machine or individual.

    (e)    “Robbery” retains its judicially determined meaning except that:

        (1)    robbery includes obtaining the service of another by force or threat of force; and

        (2)    robbery requires proof of intent to withhold property of another:

            (i)    permanently;

            (ii)    for a period that results in the appropriation of a part of the property’s value;

            (iii)    with the purpose to restore it only on payment of a reward or other compensation; or

            (iv)    to dispose of the property or use or deal with the property in a manner that makes it unlikely that the owner will recover it.

    (f)    “Service” includes:

        (1)    labor or professional service;

        (2)    telecommunication, public utility, toll facility, or transportation service;

        (3)    lodging, entertainment, or restaurant service; and

        (4)    the use of computers, data processing, or other equipment.



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